President Biden and Speaker Kevin McCarthy expressed optimism on Monday that they may break the partisan stalemate that has prevented motion to avert a default on the nation’s debt, however remained far aside on a deal to boost the debt restrict as Democrats resisted Republicans’ calls for for spending cuts in change.

The 2 met head to head on the White Home for the second time in two weeks in a present of excellent will after a weekend of behind-the-scenes clashes amongst negotiators, punctuated by a transfer by Republicans on Friday to halt the talks and accusations by each side that the opposite was being unreasonable.

With Mr. Biden again from a summit assembly in Japan, the tenor appeared to have modified significantly.

“We don’t have an settlement but,” Mr. McCarthy advised reporters on the White Home after the assembly. “However I did really feel just like the dialogue was productive,” he mentioned, including later that he believed the tone of the talks was “higher than another time we’ve had discussions.”

“I consider we are able to nonetheless get there,” Mr. McCarthy mentioned. “I consider we are able to get it achieved.”

He mentioned he anticipated to talk with Mr. Biden day by day till a deal may very well be struck.

With a default looming as quickly as June 1, each Mr. Biden and Mr. McCarthy started their newest assembly sounding upbeat about discovering frequent floor in an effort to keep away from financial disaster and left dispatching their prime advisers to hammer out an settlement within the coming days.

“We nonetheless have some disagreements, however I believe we could possibly get the place we now have to go,” Mr. Biden mentioned as the 2 sat down within the Oval Workplace. “We each know we now have a major accountability.”

Mr. Biden mentioned in a quick assertion after the assembly that the talks have been “productive.”

“We reiterated as soon as once more that default is off the desk and the one technique to transfer ahead is in good religion towards a bipartisan settlement,” he added, saying that he and his negotiating staff would proceed speaking with Mr. McCarthy and his.

Nonetheless, the 2 sides remained at loggerheads. The White Home has known as Republicans’ calls for for spending cuts excessive, whereas Mr. McCarthy and his aides have accused White Home officers of being unreasonable.

The variety of legislative days for Congress to vote to boost the debt ceiling earlier than the projected deadline is quickly dwindling. Treasury Secretary Janet L. Yellen on Monday reiterated her warning to Congress that the USA might exceed its authority to borrow to pay its payments as quickly as June 1. She mentioned in an interview with NBC’s “Meet the Press” over the weekend that the percentages of the federal government with the ability to maintain out till mid-June — when a considerable quantity of quarterly tax income is anticipated to roll in, giving the Treasury extra respiratory room to cowl its obligations — have been “fairly low.”

And Republicans hinted that no deal was prone to materialize till a default was actually imminent. When requested on Monday night what it could take to interrupt the impasse, Mr. McCarthy replied merely: “June 1.”

Chief among the many excellent points is how a lot to spend general subsequent fiscal 12 months on discretionary packages and the way lengthy any spending caps needs to be in place. Republicans wish to permit navy spending to extend whereas chopping different packages. However they’ve proven some flexibility round how lengthy they’d search to cap spending general, coming down from their preliminary demand of a decade to 6 years.

That’s longer than Mr. Biden desires. White Home officers have proposed holding each navy and different spending — which incorporates schooling, scientific analysis and environmental safety — fixed over the subsequent two years.

“These are robust points,” mentioned Consultant Patrick T. McHenry, Republican of North Carolina and a key ally of Mr. McCarthy who has been concerned within the talks and attended the White Home assembly. “A directive to chop spending 12 months over 12 months is the hardest factor to do in Washington, D.C. However that’s the speaker’s directive to his negotiating staff. It’s our expectation to have the ability to get that.”

Onerous-right members of Mr. McCarthy’s convention have continued to strain the speaker to not settle for something lower than the spending cuts that Home Republicans handed of their debt restrict invoice final month, which might have amounted to a discount of a median of 18 p.c over a decade.

“Republicans should #HoldTheLine on the debt ceiling to deliver spending again to actuality and restore fiscal sanity in DC,” the Home Freedom Caucus wrote on Twitter. “We spend $100+ billion greater than federal tax revenues EVERY MONTH. Washington has a spending downside, not a income downside.”

Mr. McCarthy expressed confidence that he might hold his convention largely united round no matter deal he strikes with Mr. Biden, telling reporters on the Capitol earlier than the assembly that he believed it could draw the assist of each Democrats and Republicans.

“I firmly consider what we’re negotiating proper now, a majority of Republicans will see that it’s a proper place to place us on a proper path,” he mentioned.

However he additionally hinted that members of his convention ought to put together to simply accept a ultimate product that falls in need of what some lawmakers have demanded.

“I don’t need you to suppose on the finish of the day, the invoice that we give you goes to unravel all this downside,” he mentioned. “Nevertheless it’s going to be a step to lastly acknowledge our downside and put one step in the proper route. And we’re going to come back again the subsequent day and get the subsequent step.”

As soon as negotiators comply with a deal, it’ll take time to translate it into legislative textual content. Mr. McCarthy has promised that he’ll give lawmakers 72 hours to assessment the invoice, and mentioned on Monday that he believed negotiators would want to comply with a compromise this week with the intention to move laws elevating the debt ceiling earlier than the projected June 1 deadline.

Lawmakers within the Home have been nonetheless left unsure about after they would must be current to forged a vote to avert a default. The Home, as of Monday night, was set to depart Washington starting on Thursday afternoon forward of the Memorial Day weekend.

The 2 sides have discovered some settlement in talks prior to now week, together with on clawing again some unspent funds from beforehand permitted Covid-19 reduction laws.

Senior administration officers mentioned Mission NextGen, the Biden administration’s $5 billion Covid vaccine improvement program, may very well be among the many casualties of these cuts. This system, modeled partially on the Trump administration’s Operation Warp Velocity, is an effort to seek out totally different types of vaccines that scientists consider will supply extra sturdy safety towards the coronavirus.

However many different points have but to be resolved, together with tightening work necessities for able-bodied adults with out dependents for sure security social web packages. The invoice handed by Home Republicans contained stricter necessities for recipients of Short-term Help for Needy Households and meals stamps, and is a key demand of conservatives within the Home.

Mr. McCarthy mentioned on Monday that he would proceed to push for his or her inclusion in no matter deal he strikes with Mr. Biden, and White Home negotiators have proven openness to discovering some compromise on the difficulty.

Carl Hulse contributed reporting.