New York Lawyer Basic Letitia James on Thursday introduced that her workplace had secured $4.3 million from Coin Cafe, a Brooklyn-based buying and selling platform that promised buyers free Bitcoin storage on company-hosted wallets however as an alternative secretly charged them exorbitant charges.

Per the enforcement motion, Coin Cafe will contact eligible clients and start to refund all charges to U.S.-based buyers who request a refund inside the subsequent yr.

“Coin Cafe defrauded tons of of New Yorkers out of hundreds of {dollars} with its misleading advertising and marketing and because of a scarcity of efficient regulation,” she stated in an announcement. “That is yet one more instance of why the cryptocurrency trade must be higher regulated, similar to another monetary establishment the place New York buyers put their hard-earned cash.”

In early Might, the OAG proposed laws that might broaden its oversight of the crypto trade—a transfer that drew criticism from onlookers, together with New York Rep. Ritchie Torres (D-N.Y.), for threatening the jurisdiction of the state’s different crypto regulator, the New York Division of Monetary Companies.

New York operates with a twin monetary regulatory system, with the OAG overseeing safety and commodity markets, in addition to anti-fraud enforcement, and the DFS overseeing banks and bank-like merchandise. In 2015, DFS implanted the BitLicense digital forex program, the primary crypto regulation regime within the nation at a state or federal degree.

Coin Cafe utilized for a BitLicense in 2015, lastly gaining approval in January 2023 whereas persevering with to function. Beneath New York regulation, broker-dealers with a BitLicense nonetheless should register with the OAG, which Coin Cafe didn’t do.

Based on the OAG, earlier than receiving its BitLicense, Coin Cafe claimed to supply buyers with free accounts and pockets storage to purchase and maintain Bitcoin. Beginning in September 2020, the corporate started to cost customers for its pockets service with out informing them, rising the payment 4 occasions. Within the final occasion, applied in October 2022, buyers had been charged charges equal to 96% of their holdings, affecting greater than 300 New York clients and wiping out tons of of investor accounts. In the meantime, Coin Cafe collected tons of of hundreds of {dollars}’ price of Bitcoin.

“When there are insufficient safeguards to guard customers and buyers,” James stated within the assertion, “corporations are in a position to make the most of New Yorkers.”

An OAG investigator opened an account in October 2022, shopping for $208 price of Bitcoin over two separate transactions. In March, after Coin Cafe obtained a BitLicense, Coin Cafe charged the investigator $99 in charges with out discover.

The BitLicense program stays a nation-leading instance of crypto regulation as lawmakers proceed to debate over laws. Even so, an OAG legal professional instructed Fortune final week that gaps nonetheless exist that result in later enforcement actions. The laws proposed by James earlier this month would focus extra on shopper safety, in addition to focusing on the kind of battle of curiosity issues which have plagued crypto companies like FTX. The invoice would additionally codify the BitLicense into regulation.

Critics comparable to Torres argue that the laws may preempt DFS oversight, whereas increasing jurisdictional divides New York’s twin regulatory system, which he stated may result in a “turf battle.”