Martin Amis, whose caustic, erudite and bleakly comedian novels redefined British fiction within the Nineteen Eighties and ’90s with their sharp appraisal of tabloid tradition and client extra, and whose non-public life made him tabloid fodder himself, died on Friday at his residence in Lake Price, Fla. He was 73.

His spouse, the author Isabel Fonseca, mentioned the trigger was esophageal most cancers — the identical illness that killed his shut pal and fellow author Christopher Hitchens in 2011.

Mr. Amis printed 15 novels, a well-regarded memoir (“Expertise,” in 2000), works of nonfiction, and collections of essays and quick tales. In his later work he investigated Stalin’s atrocities, the conflict on terror and the legacy of the Holocaust.

He’s greatest identified for his so-called London trilogy of novels — “Cash: A Suicide Be aware” (1985), “London Fields” (1990) and “The Data” (1995) — which stay, alongside together with his memoir, his most consultant and admired work.

The tone of those novels was vibrant, bristling and profane. “What I’ve tried to do is to create a excessive model to explain low issues: the entire world of quick meals, intercourse exhibits, nude mags,” Mr. Amis instructed The New York Occasions E book Overview in a 1985 interview. “I’m typically accused of concentrating on the pungent, rebarbative facet of life in my books, however I really feel I’m moderately sentimental about it. Anybody who reads the tabloid papers will rub up towards a lot higher horrors than I describe.”

Mr. Amis’s literary heroes — he referred to as them his “Twin Peaks” — have been Vladimir Nabokov and Saul Bellow, and critics positioned in his work each Nabokov’s present for wordplay and gamesmanship and Bellow’s exuberance and brio.

Just like the narrator of Mr. Bellow’s novel “The Precise,” Mr. Amis was “a first-class noticer.”

“I believe all writers are Martians,” he mentioned in a Paris Overview interview. “They arrive and say, ‘You haven’t been seeing this place proper.’”

Mr. Amis’s misanthropic wit made his voice at instances harking back to that of his father, Kingsley Amis. Kingsley, who died in 1995, was one of many British working- and middle-class novelists of the Nineteen Fifties often known as the Indignant Younger Males and have become well-known with the success of his comedian masterpiece “Fortunate Jim” (1954).

Father and son have been shut, however they disagreed about a lot. Kingsley Amis drifted to the precise with the rise of Margaret Thatcher; he as soon as publicly referred to his son’s left-leaning political views as “howling nonsense.”

Their supposed rivalry was of nice curiosity in Britain. When the Nationwide Portrait Gallery invited father and son to pose collectively, Kingsley’s thin-skinned refusal made the entrance web page of The Sunday Telegraph. He later regretted the fuss, the youthful Mr. Amis mentioned.

Being the kid of a well known author was, for Mr. Amis, each blessing and curse. It helped put him on the map sooner than he may in any other case have gotten there. It made him acquainted at an early age with London’s hothouse publishing world. It additionally helped make him a determine of fascination, resentment and envy.

“I’d be in a really completely different place now if my father had been a schoolteacher,” Mr. Amis instructed The Sunday Occasions of London in 2014. He added: “I’ve been delegitimized by heredity. Within the Seventies, individuals have been sympathetic to me being the son of a novelist. They’re by no means sympathetic now, as a result of it appears to be like like cronyism.”

Mr. Amis’s expertise was simple: He was essentially the most dazzling stylist in postwar British fiction. So have been his swagger and Byronic beauty. He had well-chronicled involvements with a number of the most watched younger ladies of his period. He wore, in accordance with media studies, velvet jackets, Cuban-heel boots, bespoke shirts. He stared balefully into paparazzi lenses.

His raucous lunches with mates and fellow writers like Ian McEwan, Julian Barnes, Salman Rushdie, Clive James, James Fenton and Mr. Hitchens have been written up within the press and made different writers really feel that they have been on the surface trying in. He gave the impression to be having extra enjoyable than different individuals. His detractors thought of him much less a foul boy than a spoiled brat.

Mr. Amis’s fame constructed to a crescendo within the mid-Nineties. One “scandal,” as chronicled in English tabloids like The Each day Mail, adopted the following.

In 1994, he dropped his longtime agent, Pat Kavanagh, the spouse of his pal Mr. Barnes, for the rival agent Andrew Wylie, whom the British press nicknamed “the Jackal,” and a bigger advance on a novel. The quantity Mr. Amis wished, a reported $794,500 (about $1.6 million right now), was deemed unseemly. The episode ended his friendship with Mr. Barnes, though a decade later Mr. Amis mentioned that they had reconciled.

Additionally in 1994 Mr. Amis left his first spouse, Antonia Phillips, for Ms. Fonseca, a youthful lady who Mr. Hitchens mentioned in a single interview was being pursued by Mr. Rushdie, amongst others. The press ate up the small print, particularly these about costly dental work that Mr. Amis had, though he noticed it as an acute medical necessity.

Mr. Amis drew consideration in later a long time for the interviews he gave across the publication of his novels. These tended to be wide-ranging and opinionated; he shot from the hip. Usually sufficient they bought him into bother.

In a 2006 interview, after the thwarting of an try to bomb trans-Atlantic flights from Heathrow Airport by British-born Muslims, Mr. Amis prompt that the Muslim neighborhood in England may “need to undergo till it will get its home so as.” He proposed that this may contain the curbing of freedoms.

The feedback drew condemnation from many, together with the English literary critic Terry Eagleton, who referred to as them “stomach-churning” and mentioned they resembled these of “a British Nationwide Social gathering thug.” Mr. Amis apologized, calling the remarks “categorically flawed” and “silly.”

Mr. Amis’s work grew extra political and historic, and extra severe in tone, within the 2000s and 2010s. Critics typically discovered his later books wanting, and evaluations may very well be scathing.

He was sanguine about these assaults. He instructed one interviewer: “There’s a one-word narrative for each author. For Hitchens, it was ‘contrarian.’ For me, it’s ‘decline.’”

Martin Louis Amis was born on Aug. 25, 1949, in Oxford, England. He had an older brother, Philip, and a youthful sister, Sally, who died in 2000. His mom was Hilary A. Bardwell, the daughter of a civil servant within the agriculture ministry.

Martin attended greater than a dozen colleges within the Nineteen Fifties and ’60s on account of his father’s travels on the educational circuit after the success of “Fortunate Jim.” The fixed have to make new mates, he mentioned, helped make him humorous. The Amis household spent a 12 months in Princeton, N.J., a sojourn that launched Martin to America, with which he maintained a lifelong fascination.

The Amis family was permissive. Mr. Amis in contrast it, in a 1990 interview with The New York Occasions Journal, to “one thing out of early Updike, ‘{Couples}’ flirtations and a good quantity of ingesting.” It might have gone unremarked, he wrote in his memoir, if he had lit a cigarette below the Christmas tree at 5.

He was devastated, at 12, by his mother and father’ divorce. He learn principally comedian books and was “fairly illiterate,” he mentioned, till he was 17. That’s when his stepmother, the novelist Elizabeth Jane Howard, urged him to learn Jane Austen. He crammed to get into Exeter Faculty at Oxford, the place in 1971 he graduated with honors in English.

After leaving Oxford, Mr. Amis held a string of journalistic and literary jobs in London. He turned an editorial assistant at The Occasions Literary Complement in 1972, and two years later turned its fiction and poetry editor. In 1975, he joined the editorial employees of The New Statesman journal and inside a few 12 months he was its literary editor, at 27. It was there that he started his lengthy friendship with Mr. Hitchens.

In his 2010 memoir, “Hitch-22,” Mr. Hitchens recalled Mr. Amis within the early years of their acquaintance, noting how the Rolling Stones had come to thoughts when Clive James referred to Mr. Amis as resembling “a stubby Jagger.”

“He was extra blond than Jagger and certainly moderately shorter,” Mr. Hitchens wrote, “however his sensuous decrease lip was a vital characteristic,” and “you’ll all the time know when he had come into the room.”

Mr. Amis wrote his first novel, “The Rachel Papers,” printed in England in 1973, on nights and weekends. He gave himself a 12 months to finish it. If it hadn’t panned out, he mentioned, he might need thought of academia.

“The Rachel Papers” is autobiographical and amongst his most conventional when it comes to its kind. It’s a few vibrant, sardonic, sexually obsessed younger man (“Erections, as everyone knows, come to {the teenager} on a plate”) and his girlfriend, Rachel, whereas he research for his faculty exams.

The novel’s electrical prose established Mr. Amis as an essential younger English author and received the Somerset Maugham Award for writers below 30. It did much less nicely in America. “The Rachel Papers” was panned in The New York Occasions E book Overview by Grace Glueck, who referred to as it “a crotch-and-armpit saga of late adolescence,” and within the every day Occasions by Anatole Broyard, who wrote, “Contemplating the benefits he has had, Martin has not coated himself in glory.”

Mr. Amis adopted “The Rachel Papers” with “Lifeless Infants” (1976), a blackly humorous novel about drug-taking and intercourse amongst a gaggle of younger individuals in a rural home over a single weekend, and “Success,” printed in England in 1978, a Swiftian satire about sibling rivalry and foster brothers of various social backgrounds.

Mr. Amis’s novels discovered a right away readership in Britain. In america, he was slower to catch on. “Success” didn’t discover an American writer till 1987.

Many People first heard the identify Martin Amis due to a plagiarism scandal. In 1980 Mr. Amis accused Jacob Epstein — the son of Barbara Epstein, a founding father of The New York Overview of Books — of lifting a number of passages from “The Rachel Papers” and inserting them in his personal first novel, “Wild Oats.” Mr. Amis wrote that “Epstein wasn’t influenced by ‘The Rachel Papers,’ he had it flattened out beside his typewriter.” Mr. Epstein later admitted copying passages, and apologized.

For practically three a long time after, Mr. Amis’s books weren’t reviewed within the NYRB, one of many chief mental organs within the English language.

Mr. Amis married Ms. Phillips, a widowed Boston philosophy trainer, in 1984. That they had two sons, Louis and Jacob. That 12 months, Mr. Amis printed “Cash,” a novel that Time journal would come with on a listing of the “100 greatest English-language novels from 1923 to the current.”

“Cash” is narrated by John Self, a director of commercials who turns into tangled in a movie undertaking. Self is a drunk and a hedonist, and an acid observer of life. In a metafictional twist, Mr. Amis wrote himself into “Cash” as one in every of Self’s confidants. Moments like these in his novels, he mentioned, made the extra historically minded Kingsley Amis need to fling his son’s books throughout the room.

Greater than a decade of profitable and critically admired novels adopted. “London Fields” is about amid fears of approaching climate-related apocalypse. The occasions in “Time’s Arrow” (1991) happen in reverse: An American physician grows youthful and finds himself working within the medical part of Auschwitz. “The Data” (1995) is about two mates, each writers, who grow to be antagonists after one turns into well-known and rich.

Reviewing “The Data” in The Occasions, Michiko Kakutani wrote that “all of the themes and stylistic experiments in Mr. Amis’s earlier fiction come collectively in a symphonic complete.” In The Washington Publish, Jonathan Yardley referred to as Mr. Amis “a pressure unto himself amongst these of his technology now writing fiction in English,” including, “there’s, fairly merely, nobody else like him.”

After he and Ms. Phillips divorced, Mr. Amis married Ms. Fonseca in 1998. A Uruguayan American author, Ms. Fonseca is the writer of “Bury Me Standing: The Gypsies and Their Journey” (1995). The couple had two daughters, Fernanda and Clio.

What one may name the again half of Mr. Amis’s profession started roughly in 2000. He nonetheless printed the occasional slashing novel about loutish males and declining requirements; these included “Yellow Canine” (2003), his most poorly reviewed e book, and “Lionel Asbo: State of England” (2012).

He additionally demonstrated, within the evaluations and essays collected in “The Warfare Towards Cliché” (2001), that he was among the many fiercest and most clever literary critics of his time. His evaluations have been an essential a part of his popularity.

However on the entire, he turned to bigger and deeper historic topics and themes — to blended evaluations.

In 2002, Mr. Amis printed “Koba the Dread: Laughter and the Twenty Million,” a research of the Stalin regime’s atrocities within the Soviet Union. The title alludes to Stalin’s nickname, Koba. The phrase “laughter” within the subtitle refers to Mr. Amis’s morally perplexed realization that, whereas Hitler and the Holocaust are off limits, many take into account it acceptable to joke about Stalin and the Soviet Union.

He revisited a few of that e book’s themes and analysis in “Home of Conferences” (2006), a novel about two brothers who stay in a Soviet gulag over the past decade of Stalin’s rule and love the identical lady.

In 2008, Mr. Amis printed “The Second Airplane,” a group of 12 items of nonfiction and two quick tales concerning the Western world and terror. “Are you an Islamophobe?” he was requested by the British newspaper The Impartial whereas he was writing the e book.

“After all not,” he replied. “What I’m is an Islamismophobe. Or higher say an anti-Islamist, as a result of a ‘phobia’ is an irrational worry, and there’s nothing irrational about fearing individuals who say they need to kill you.” He added: “Anti-Islamism is just not like antisemitism. There’s a purpose for it.”

Mr. Amis and Ms. Fonseca moved with their daughters to Brooklyn in 2011, buying a five-story brownstone within the modern Cobble Hill neighborhood. They moved to be nearer to Ms. Fonseca’s mother and father, he mentioned, and likewise to Mr. Hitchens, who died in December that 12 months. Mr. Amis gave a shifting oration at Mr. Hitchens’s memorial. In addition they had a house in Lake Price, Fla., the place Mr. Amis died.

Along with Ms. Fonseca, Mr. Amis is survived by three daughters, Delilah Jeary, Fernanda Amis and Clio Amis; two sons, Louis and Jacob Amis; 4 grandchildren; and a brother, James Boyd.

Ms. Jeary was his daughter from a quick affair Mr. Amis had with the artist Lamorna Seale within the Seventies. She didn’t uncover that he was her father till she was 19.

In 2008, Delilah Seale had a son, making Mr. Amis a grandfather. On the Hay Pageant of Literature & Arts in Wales in the summertime of 2010, Mr. Amis dryly commented that “being a grandfather is like getting a telegram from the mortuary.”

In America, he was pleased to flee what he referred to as “the cruising hostility” of the English press. He turned an virtually avuncular determine in Brooklyn, recurrently seen strolling his daughters to highschool. Not the upstart, Mr. Amis himself impressed a youthful technology of writers, together with Zadie Smith and Will Self.

As he aged, he stopped taking part in tennis, a sport he as soon as performed every day and wrote about typically. He principally stopped writing criticism, too. “Insulting individuals in print is a vice of youth,” he mentioned in an interview with The Impartial. “Insulting individuals in your center age is undignified, and appears increasingly demented as you head towards the twilight.”

He by no means received England’s best-known literary award, the Booker Prize, though lots of the novelists he was related to — together with Mr. McEwan, Mr. Rushdie and Mr. Barnes — did. Mr. Amis was shortlisted for the award in 1991 for “Time’s Arrow,” and longlisted in 2003 for “Yellow Canine.”

His closing novel, “Inside Story,” printed in 2020, was a “novelized autobiography” that thought of his friendship with Mr. Hitchens and his relationship together with his father.

In his writing about Mr. Hitchens, Mr. Amis “accesses a depth of feeling and plainness of language solely new to his work,” the Occasions critic Parul Sehgal wrote in praising “Inside Story.” She added, “I write below the signal of Amis.”

Mortality was lengthy a theme in Mr. Amis’s work. In “The Data,” he wrote: “Each morning we go away extra within the mattress: certainty, vigor, previous loves. And hair, and pores and skin: useless cells. This historic detritus was nonetheless one transfer forward of you, making its humorless personal preparations to rejoin the cosmos.”

He might need been talking of himself in that novel when he wrote of one in every of its dueling writers: “He didn’t need to please his readers. He wished to stretch them till they twanged.”

Joshua Needelman contributed reporting.