The Ukrainian artilleryman was all set to slip the explosive shell right into a launcher and ship it on its approach towards Russian positions — however first he needed to care for one very last thing on his guidelines.

“For Uman,” he scrawled on the aspect of the projectile with a felt-tip marker.

Then he ducked away because it roared off on a fiery trajectory to the entrance line.

Uman is the Ukrainian metropolis the place greater than two dozen civilians have been killed final month in a Russian rocket assault. However it’s hardly the one metropolis Russia has attacked, and the message on the shell was additionally solely one in every of many.

After greater than a yr of warfare, Ukrainians have lots to say to Russia, and lots of have chosen to say it on the edges of rockets, mortar shells and even exploding drones. 1000’s of messages have been despatched, starting from the sardonic to the bitter, amongst them one from Valentyna Vikhorieva, whose 33-year-old son died within the warfare.

“For Yura, from Mother,” Ms. Vikhorieva requested an artillery unit to write down on a shell. “Burn in hell for our kids.”

Ms. Vikhorieva mentioned her son, a Ukrainian soldier, was killed final spring by a Russian artillery shell.

“I’ll always remember,” she mentioned in an interview. “And he’ll at all times be my boy.”

It’s extra than simply venting.

Charity teams and even the navy have seized on the will of Ukrainians to voice their anger as a mechanism to boost funds — by no means thoughts that nonetheless well-crafted the messages, the Russians are unlikely ever to learn them. The shell instances, in fact, usually explode into smithereens. And in the event that they hit their goal, their supposed recipients could also be in no situation to understand them.

However for some Ukrainians, it nonetheless seems like justice, if solely symbolically, mentioned Victoria Semko, a psychologist, who works with individuals who endured the brutal Russian occupation of Irpin, a suburb of Kyiv.

“Individuals are in ache due to the loss, private and nationwide,” Ms. Semko mentioned. “It’s regular when aggression is directed on the responsible events.”

The price of the messages differ. They’re primarily a mechanism for encouraging donations, and individuals are requested to offer what they will. Revenge For, one of many teams behind the marketing campaign, says it as soon as bought a donation of $10,000. However typically there is no such thing as a cost in any respect.

It isn’t simply Ukrainians who’ve paid for messages. The teams behind the marketing campaign say folks from Japanese Europe nonetheless offended over the lengthy years of Soviet rule have additionally written in. Oleksandr Arahat, a co-founder of 1 group elevating cash for the navy by means of the messages, Militarny, supplied some examples.

There was the author from Israel who wished to avenge the torture dying of a grandfather by Soviet Inner Affairs. There was the Czech who wished to commemorate the Prague Spring of 1968, when the Soviet Military put down protests. “Russians Go Dwelling” wrote a Hungarian denouncing the Soviet invasion of his nation in 1956.

However many of the message requests have come from inside Ukraine, Mr. Arahat mentioned.

One retiree, Yuriy Medynsky, 84, mentioned he had drawn on his meager advantages to ship a message not as soon as however repeatedly to honor his grandson, who was 33 when he was killed combating within the Kharkiv area within the spring of 2022.

“To Katsap hermits for Maksym Medynsky. Grandpa,” he wrote, utilizing an epithet for the Russians.

“I put in my message all of the hate I really feel for Muscovites,” Mr. Medynsky mentioned. He paid about $13 for every message.

His daughter-in-law, Tetyana Medynska, Maksym’s widow, has additionally despatched repeated messages.

“Personally for me it’s a tiny little bit of revenge,” she mentioned. “I don’t think about killing somebody explicit, as they’re all responsible, all Russians who got here to Ukraine. They haven’t any faces for me. After I ship cash for the message on the bombs, I really feel some type of psychological aid.”

Some have struck a tone of irony.

“When my good friend bought married, she requested to write down her maiden identify on the mortar, to say farewell to it,” mentioned Non-public Vladyslav, a soldier at a mortar place outdoors the city of Toretsk, in japanese Ukraine.

He himself as soon as despatched a message: “I congratulated my mother on her birthday this manner,” Non-public Vladyslav mentioned.

At that second, he was making ready an 82-mm mortar with a message from a comrade, Non-public Borys Khodorkovsky, who was celebrating his fiftieth birthday on the entrance.

“I would like these devils to know that I’m right here, and wish them to really feel unhealthy,” Non-public Khodorkovsky mentioned. “Psychologically, I do know that this mortar will hit one thing and fewer of my brothers in arms will die, and fewer Russians will shoot at us.”

However most messages seethe with unvarnished fury.

“For the destroyed childhood,” wrote Dmytro Yakovenko, 38, a pharmacist. He has two daughters, 11 and 14. The household lived by means of a harrowing bombardment after which evacuation of their hometown, Lozova, within the Kharkiv area.

“My daughters’ childhood is destroyed,” he mentioned. “I would like Russians to know why this mortar is flying their approach.”

The unit that fired the mortar with a message for Ms. Vikhorieva, whose son was killed combating, is a small one. Its members say that they’ve used the cash raised by promoting messages to restore automobiles, and that they’ve fired greater than 200 personalised mortar shells to this point.

“I really feel uneasy when an individual orders a message for the lack of a liked one, and I do know that nothing will change,” mentioned Ihor Slaiko, the commander. “However I nonetheless signal them.”

His males dutifully inscribe the phrases onto the shell — after which ship them towards Russian strains with a increase.